Last updated on: 6/3/2020 | Author:


The background and pro and con arguments were written by staff based upon input from the following sources.


1.Kristin Marino, "Social Media: The New News Source,", Apr. 16, 2012
2.Sabrina Kidwali and Catherine Imperatore, "Social Media as an Advocacy Tool," Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, Sep. 2011
3.John D. Sutter, "Theater Shooting Unfolds in Real Time on Social Media,", July 20, 2012
4.Trevor Hughes and Carolyn Pesce, "Motive Sought in Deadly Shooting Rampage at Colorado Theater,", July 21, 2012
5.LexisNexis Risk Solutions, "Role of Social Media in Law Enforcement Significant and Growing,", July 18, 2012
6.Dan Evon, "NYPD Adding Twitter Tracking Unit to Police Force," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
7.Richard Dalke, "Social Media Case Study: The Stanley Cup Hockey Riots,", June 27, 2011
8.Global Post, "Vancouver Riots: The Shame and the Blame Spread Online,", June 17, 2012
9.National School Boards Association, "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking,", July 2007
10.Sarah Kessler, "The Case for Social Media in Schools,", Sep. 29, 2010
11.Elizabeth Delmatoff, "How Social Media Transformed Our School Community,", Apr. 2010
12.Brian Solis, "People Use Social Networks to Connect with Friends and Family, Sometimes Brands,", Sep. 13, 2011
13.Megan Sponcil and Priscilla Gitimu, "Use of Social Media by College Students: Relationship to Communication and Self-concept," <emJournal of Technology Research, 2012
14.Common Sense Media, "Social Media, Social Life: How Teens View Their Digital Lives,", 2012
15.Bianca Bosker, "Fortune 500 List Boasts More Female CEOs Than Ever Before,", May 7, 2012
16.Huffington Post, "Social Media by Gender: Women Dominate Pinterest, Twitter, Men Dominate Reddit, YouTube (Infographic),", June 21, 2012
17.Laura Said-Moorhouse and Stina Backer, "Why Women in Business Are Flocking to Twitter Chat,", Sep. 27, 2012, "Helping African Women Business Leaders Connect with Social Media," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
19.Jobvite, "The Essential Guide to Developing a Social Recruiting Strategy,", Mar. 3, 2012
20.HR Focus, "Certain Tools Are Helping HR Connect Swiftly with the Right Job Candidates,", Sep. 1, 2012
21.Jobvite, "2012 Social Job Seeker Survey,", 2012
22.Sharon Jayson, "'Flocking' Behavior Lands on Social Networking Sites," USA TODAY, Sep. 27, 2009
23.Morgan, "5 Ways Social Media Can Facilitate Offline Networking,", May 8, 2012
24.Annalisa Rodriguez, "Social Media Doesn't Mean Social Isolation,", Oct. 16, 2012
25.Robert M. Bond, et al., "A 61-million-person Experiment in Social Influence and Political Mobilization," Nature, Sep. 13, 2012
26.Keith Hampton, et al., "Social Networking Sites and Our Lives,", June 16, 2011
27.Lee Rainie, "Social Media and Voting," Pew Internet,, Nov. 6, 2012
28.Xiaolin Zhou, Barry Wellman, and Justine Yu, "Egypt: The First Internet Revolt?," Peace Magazine, July-Sep. 2011
29.Stuart Schaar, "Revolutionary Challenges in Tunisia and Egypt: Generations in Conflict," New Politics, Summer 2011
30.Todd Wasserman, "The Architect of #OccupyWallStreet Praises the Power of 'Magical Hashtags,'", Oct. 27, 2011
31.Andy Nathan, "How Social Media Saved the Economy,", June 14, 2011
32.Quentin Hardy, "McKinsey Says Social Media Could Add $1.3 Million to the Economy,", July 25, 2012
33.Chris Crum, "Facebook Now Has 1.01 Billion Active Users, Brought in $1.26 Billion in Q3 Revenue,", Oct. 24, 2012
34.New York Times, "Twitter," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
35.Raquel Recuero, "Facebook, Public Education and Equity: A 13-year-old Fights for a 'Better School,'", Oct. 8, 2012
36.Rheana Murray, "Families Find Photos Lost During Sandy,", Nov. 27, 2012
37.Peter Jordan, "We Are All Daniel Cui,", Oct. 1, 2012
38.Sarah Medina, "Daniel Cui, High School Goalie, Gets Support of Peers After Mean Prank (Video),", Oct. 3, 2012
39.University of Alabama at Birmingham, "Move Over Youngsters, Grandma’s on Facebook,", Oct. 27, 2011
40.Aylin Zafar, "Facebook for Centenarians: Senior Citizens Learn Social Media,", Aug. 31, 2011
41.Kathryn Zickuhr, "Generations 2010,", Dec. 16, 2010
42.Anxiety UK, "Anxiety UK Study Finds Technology Can Increase Anxiety,", July 9, 2012
43.Mary Wilks, "Online Social Networking’s Effect on Adolescent Social Development," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
44.Jewish Action, "The Social Media Revolution: What Does It Mean for Our Children?,", Aug. 24, 2012
45.Levi R. Baker and Debra L. Oswald, "Shyness and Online Social Networking Services," Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, Nov. 2010
46.D. D. Luxton, J. D. June, and J. M. Fairall, "Social Media and Suicide: A Public Health Perspective," American Journal of Public Health, May 2012
47.World Health Organization, "Mixed Uptake of Social Media Among Public Health Specialists,", Nov. 2011
48.Charlotte Tucker, "Social Media, Texting Play New Role in Response to Disasters: Preparedness, Communication Targeted,", May – June 2011
49.5 Boroughs Partnership, "Stamp Out Stigma," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
50The Stigma Project, "Our Mission & Vision," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
51.The Economist, "Economist Debates: Social Networking,", Feb. 13, 2012
52.Wipe Out Homophobia, (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
53.Jenny Lawson, "The Bloggess," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
54.Ginny Graves, "Miracle on Facebook," Good Housekeeping, July 2012
55.Planet Hunters, "PH1: A Planet in a Four-star System,", Oct. 15, 2012
56.Anick Jesdanun, "The Best Crowdfunding Site for Hurricane Sandy Relief,", Nov. 12, 2012
57.Crowdwise, "About Us," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
58.Pencils of Promise, "Our Approach," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
59.Bigger Brains, "Get Noticed. Disseminate Your Research Better," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
60.Intuit Websites, "How Small Businesses Are Using Social Media," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
61.Tim Mullaney, "Social Media Is Reinventing How Business Is Done,", May 6, 2012
62.Harry Rollason, "Why Social Media Makes Customer Service Better,", Sep. 29, 2012
63.Meris Stansbury, "Ten Ways Schools Are Using Social Media Effectively,", Oct. 21, 2011, "Pros and Cons of Social Media in Education,", 2012
65.National School Boards Association, "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking,", July 2007
66.Mark Blankenship, "How Social Media Can and Should Impact Higher Education," Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, Mar. 2011
67.Diane Cordell, "Skype and the Embedded Librarian," Library Technology Reports, Feb. 2012
68.Tim Childers, "From Social Networking to Academic Networking… A Paradigm Shift," Internet@Schools, May-June 2011
69.Edmodo, "About Edmodo," (accessed Mar. 24, 2015)
70.Greg Rollett, "How Musicians Are Using Social Media to Connect with Fans,", Mar. 12, 2010
71.Ben Sisario, "Digital Notes: 50,000 Are Owed Royalties, Agency Says,", Aug. 15, 2012
72.Ben Sisario, "The New Rise of a Summer Hit: Tweet It Maybe", Aug. 21, 2012
73.Desiree Adib, "Pop Star Justin Bieber Is on the Brink of Superstardom,", Nov. 14, 2009
74.Zack O’Malley Greenburg, "Justin Bieber, Venture Capitalist," Forbes Asia Magazine, June 4, 2012
75.National Endowment for the Arts, "NEA Chairman Rocco Landesman Announces New Report on How Americans Use Electronic Media to Participate in the Arts,", June 25, 2010
76.Kaplan Test Prep, "Kaplan Test Prep Survey: Percentage of College Admissions Officers Who Visit Applicants' Social Networking Pages Continues to Grow — But Most Students Shrug,", Nov. 20, 2014
77.Dana Flavelle, "Worries Follow Rise of Facebook,", May 4, 2007
78.Tabitha Whissemore, "Students Connect through Social Media Project,", Nov. 28, 2011
79.Olga R. Rodriguez, "Mexico Tweets Cause Massive Shootout Panic,", Sep. 8, 2012
80.Sam Laird, "Twitter Troll Who Posted Fake Sandy News Apologizes to Internet,", Oct. 30, 2012, "Facebook & Your Privacy: Who Sees the Data You Share on the Biggest Social Network," Consumer Reports, June 2012
82.Declan McCullagh, "Feds Snoop on Social-Network Accounts without Warrants,", Sep. 27, 2012
83.Sheryl Nance-Nash, "What Insurers Could Do with Your 'Social Media Score,'", Dec. 12, 2011
84.Paul A. Kirschner and Aryn C. Karpinski, "Facebook and Academic Performance," Computers in Human Behavior, Nov. 2010
85.Jimmy Daly, "How Is Facebook Affecting College Students' Grades [Infographic],", July 2, 2012
86.Leslie Lanir, "Digital Information Overwhelms and Distracts Students,", Nov. 4, 2012
87.David Gutierrez, "Facebook Is Making You Miserable, Scientists Find,", Nov. 29, 2012
88.Lee Rainie, Amanda Lenhart, and Aaron Smith, "The Tone of Life on Social Networking Sites,", Feb. 9, 2012
89.Victoria J. Rideout, Ulla G. Foehr, and Donald F. Roberts, "Generation M2L Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds,", Jan. 2010
90.Mark Dolliver, "Social Networking: A Waste of Time?,", Oct. 7, 2010
91.Urs Gasser and John Palfrey, "Mastering Multitasking," Educational Leadership, Mar. 2009
92.David P. Willis, "Social Media Games Have Become Big Business,", Feb. 24, 2012
93.Chris Cuomo, "Rep. Anthony Weiner: 'The Picture Was of Me and I Sent It,'", June 6, 2011
94.Raquel Recuero, "Social Media Discourse: Violence, Olympiads and Our Everyday Life,", Aug. 23, 2012
95.K. Wolfling, M. E. Beutel, and K. W. Muller, "Construction of a Standardized Clinical Interview to Assess Internet Addiction: First Findings Regarding the Usefulness of AICA-C," Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy, 2012
96.Tony Dokoupil, "Is the Onslaught Making Us Crazy?," Newsweek, July 16, 2012
97.David Derbyshire, "Social Websites Harm Children's Brains: Chilling Warning to Parents from Top Neuroscientist," Daily Mail, Feb. 24, 2009
98.USC Annenberg School Center for the Digital Future, "Special Report: America at the Digital Turning Point,", Jan, 2012
99.Joann Pan, "Tweets at the Tables? More of Us Mix Social Media and Food,", Feb. 29, 2012
100.Barb Dybwad, "10% of Under 25s Think It’s OK to Text During Sex,", May 5, 2010
101.Matt McKinney, "Gangs Sometimes Fire First Shots Online,", July 14, 2012
102.Javelin Strategy & Research, "2012 Identity Fraud Industry Report: Social Media and Mobile Forming the New Fraud Frontier,", 2012
103.Alexandra Topping, "Social Networking Sites Fuelling Stalking, Report Warns,", Feb. 1, 2012
104.US Army, "Social Media Roundup: Dangers of Location-Based Social Networking and Geotagging,", Feb. 22, 2012
105.Daniel Hernandez, "Mexico: Decapitated Woman Mourned by Social Media Website,", Sep. 25, 2011, "Fourth Social Media Murder Reported in Nuevo Laredo,", Nov. 10, 2011
107.Nucleus Research, "Facebook: Measuring the Cost to Business of Social Networking,", July 2009
108.GFI Software, "Social Networking at Work: Thanks, but No Thanks?,", June 3, 2011
109.David Schepp, "Employees Admit Social Media Is a Waste of Their Time [Infographic],", June 13, 2012
110.F. Mishna, et al., "Cyber Bullying Behaviors Among Middle and High School Students," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, July 2010
111.Kathryn Anderson, "Workplace Aggression and Violence: Nurses and Midwives Say No," Australian Nursing Journal, July 2011
112.Janis Wolak, David Finkelhor, and Kimberly J. Mitchell, "How Often Are Teens Arrested for Sexting? Data from a National Sample of Police Cases," Pediatrics, Jan. 2012
113.Nancy V. Gifford, "Sexting in the USA," (accessed Dec. 6, 2012)
114.Ben Weitsenkorn, "Private Porn Pics Aren’t Private for Long,", Oct. 2012
115.Stephen Marche, "Is Facebook Making Us Lonely?," Atlantic Monthly, May 2012
116.National Research Corporation, "1 in 5 Americans Use Social Media for Health Care Information,", Feb. 28, 2011
117.Megan Garber, "Health Blogger Could be Jailed for Giving Health Advice While Unlicensed,", Apr. 24, 2012
118.Jeffrey Benabio, "Why Twitter Is Bad for Your Health,", Apr. 6, 2010
119.Mia Moody, "New Media-Same Stereotypes: An Analysis of Social Media Depictions of President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama," The Journal of New Media & Culture, Summer 2012
120.Matthew Johnson, "Facing Online Hate: Preparing Youth to Deal with Hate on the Internet," (accessed Dec. 6, 2012)
121.Heidi Beirich and Laurie Wood, "Robert Killian’s Years of Posing as a Neo-Nazi Biker Cost Him Dearly,", Fall 2012
122.Ryan Owens and Chris Murphey, "Growing Number of ‘Project X’ Party Copycats Lead to Arrests Nationwide,", Mar. 17, 2012
123.NBC News, "Thousands Descend on Tiny Dutch Town after Facebook Invitation Goes Viral,", Sep. 22, 2012
124.CBS Local, "USC Study Examines Whether Social Networking Exacerbates Risky Behavior Among Teens,", Apr. 2, 2012
125.Howard Blume, "Students’ Online Photos of California Tests Delay Release of Scores,", July 18, 2012
126.Sal Bommarito, "New York City High School Cheating Scandal Sparks Fear That Facebook Can Be Used to Cheat,", July 2012
127.ExactTarget, "Digital Morning Report,", 2010
128.Jim Giles, "The Oracle of Facebook," New Scientist, Apr. 28, 2012
129.Lindsey Stiner, "Is Social Media to Blame for Inappropriate Student-Teacher Relationships?,", Oct. 16, 2012
130.Abbie Alford, "Social Media Fueling Teacher & Student Sexual Relationships,", May 24, 2012
131.I am Baker, "The Ugly Truth about Instagram,", June 26, 2012
132.Angela West, "What You Should Know about Pinterest and Copyright,", Feb. 26, 2012
133.Nancy Messieh, "How Not to Run an Instagram Account: Vogue Spain Caught Stealing from Well-Known Street Photographer,", Apr. 22, 2012
134.Michael J. Bugeja, "Facing the Facebook,", Jan. 23. 2006
135.Janet Kornblum and Mary Beth Marklein, "What You Say Online Could Haunt You,", Mar. 8, 2006
136.Matt Raymond, "How Tweet It Is!: Library Acquires Entire Twitter Archive,", Apr. 14, 2010
137.Shendl Tuchman, "Divorce and Social Networking Sites,", Aug. 27, 2012
138.Rob Waugh, "Beware the New Computer Virus Spreading Via Chat Messaging Window on Facebook,", May 21, 2012
139.Kyle Christie, "Going Viral: Using Social Media to Publicise Academic Research,", Apr. 11, 2011
140.Emily Johns, "Dangers Faced by Journalists Extend to Social Media Users,", Fall 2011
141.Martha Payne, "Martha Payne: Diary of a Girl Who Fed the Starving,", Oct. 4, 2012
142.Aaron Smith, Laurie Segall, and Stacy Cowley, "Facebook Reaches One Billion Users,", Oct. 4, 2012
143.Ashlee Vance, "Facebook: The Making of 1 Billion Users,", Oct. 4, 2012
144.Semiocast, "Brazil Becomes 2nd Country on Twitter, Japan 3rd Netherlands Most Active Country,", Jan. 1, 2012
145.Chenda Ngak, "Pinterest CEO Says Key to Success Was Marketing, Not Engineering,", Oct. 22, 2012
146.Sean Ludwig, "Pinterest Now the Third Most Popular Social Network After Facebook & Twitter,", Apr. 5, 2012
147.Nielsen Wire, "Social Media Report 2012: Social Media Comes of Age,", Dec. 3, 2012
148.Seer Interactive, "How Do They Make Money?," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
149.Tineka Smith, "Social Media Revenue Predicted to Reach $16.9bn in 2012,", July 25, 2012
150.Gartner, "Gartner Says Worldwide Social Media Revenue Forecast to Reach $16.9 Billion in 2012,", July 25, 2012
151.Pew Research Center, "Internet’s Broader Role in Campaign 2008: Social Networking and Online Videos Take Off,", Jan. 11, 2008
152.Jeremiah Owyang, "Snapshot of Presidential Candidate Social Networking Stats: Nov 3, 2008,", Nov. 3, 2008
153.Vivek Kundra and Katie Stanton, "New Technologies and Participation,", June 12, 2009
154.White House Office of the Press Secretary, "Weekly Address: President Obama Announces Steps to Reform Government and Promote Fiscal Discipline,", Apr. 25, 2009
155.Audrey Hudson, "Exclusive: W.H. Collects Web Users’ Data Without Notice,", Sep. 16, 2009
156.Liz Gannes, "Twitter CEO Dick Costolo: We’re Not a Media Company. We’re in the Media Business.,", Jan. 30, 2012
157.Twitter Blog, "One Hundred Million Voices,", Sep. 8, 2011
158.Barack Obama,, Nov. 6, 2012
159.Shea Bennett, "Revealed: Twitter’s 10 Most Retweeted Tweets of All Time,", Sep. 27, 2012
160.Tim Lister, "Tunisian Protests Fueled by Social Media Networks,", Jan. 12, 2011
161.Garry Blight, Sheila Pulham, and Paul Torpey, "Arab Spring: An Interactive Timeline of Middle East Protests,", Jan. 5, 2012
162.ENTRTNMNT, "Hillary Clinton Supports Twitter Use in Iran,", June 18, 2009
163.Michael Falcone, "In Iraq: To Twitter or Not to Twitter?,", Feb. 9, 2009
164.Aaron Gouveia, "Wasting Time at Work," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
165.Illinois General Assembly, "HB1314,", Aug. 2009
166.Internet Safety Technical Task Force, "Enhancing Child Safety & Online Technologies,", Dec. 31, 2008
167.Martin O’Malley, "Chapter 233: Labor and Employment – User Name and Password Privacy Protection and Exclusions,", May 2, 2012
168.Illinois General Assembly, "Bill Status of HB3782," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
169.Jerry Brown,, Sep. 27, 2012
170.State of Delaware, "House Bill # 309 w/HA 1 + SA 2 + HA 2,", July 20, 2012
171.National Conference of State Legislatures, "Employer Access to Social Media Usernames and Passwords," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)
172.Metro, "Instagram Attracts More Mobile Visitors Than Twitter for First Time,", Sep. 28, 2012
173.Beth Snyder Bulik, "Apparently That Text Can't Wait -- Not Even During Sex: Report Reveals Surprising News about Social Media and Its Grip on Our Lives,", May 5, 2010
174.Pew Research Center, "Social Networking Fact Sheet," (accessed Mar. 24, 2015)
175.Zephoria, "The Top 20 Valuable Facebook Statistics,", Feb. 2015
176.Josh Constine, "Facebook's Growth Since IPO in 12 Big Numbers,", May 17, 2013
177.Maeve Duggan, et al., "Social Media Update 2014,", Jan. 9, 2015
178.Twitter, "About," (accessed Mar. 24, 2015)
179.Michael Arrington, "Facebook Just Launched Open Registrations,", Sep. 26, 2006
180.DJ Saul, "3 Million Teens Leave Facebook in 3 Years: The 2014 Facebook Demographic Report,", Jan. 15, 2014
181.The Nielsen Company, "The Digital Consumer,", Feb. 2014
182.Reynol Junco, "Student Class Standing, Facebook Use, and Academic Performance," Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Jan. 2015
183.Ruffalo Noel Levitz, "2014 E-Recruiting Practices Report for Four-Year and Two-Year Institutions,", 2014
184.Robert M. Pressman, et al., "Examining the Interface of Family and Personal Traits, Media, and Academic Imperatives Using the Learning Habit Study," American Journal of Family Therapy, Sep. 2, 2014
185.Reuters, "Maryland Students Accused of Using Twitter to Cheat on Test,", Mar. 23, 2015
186.Carol Robinson, "Student-Teacher Sex: Are More Female Teachers Being Charged?,", Mar. 4, 2014
187.Associated Press, "Teacher-Student Sex Investigations Rising in Texas, 74 New Cases since Sept.,", Mar. 16, 2015
188.Merrill Hope, "41% Increase in Texas Teacher-Student Sexual Misconduct Cases,", Mar. 19, 2015
189.Pew Research Center, "Social Media Fact Sheet,", June 12, 2019
190.Lars Willnat and David H. Weaver, "The American Journalist in the Digital Age: Key Findings,”, 2014
191.Michael Barthel, et al., "The Evolving Role of News on Twitter and Facebook,", July 14, 2015
192.Nic Newman, et al., "Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2016 Tracking the Future of News,", 2016
193.BBC Trending "How the Paris Attacks Unfolded on Social Media,", Nov. 17, 2015
194.Nichole Tucker, "Study Shows That Twitter Broke the Ebola Outbreak Story Before Health Officials,", June 3, 2015
195.Sam Thielman, "Twitter Breaks News of the Boston Marathon Explosions: Injuries Reported, Photos Disseminated, Google Launches Person Finder,", Apr. 15, 2013
196.LexisNexis, "Social Media Use in Law Enforcement: Crime Prevention and Investigative Activities Continue to Drive Usage,", Nov. 2014
197.Alex Murray "How Messaging and Social Apps Helped Convict Adam Johnson,", Mar. 24, 2016
198.Anna Orso "This Tweet May Be Used against You: Kathryn Knott, Social Media and Criminal Justice in 2015,", Dec. 22, 2015
199.McClatchy-Tribune News Service "More Departments Using Facebook to Catch Criminals,", May 14, 2016
200.Amanda Lenhart, et al., "Teens, Technology & Friendships: Video Games, Social Media and Mobile Phones Play a Role in How Teens Meet and Interact with Friends,", Aug. 2015
201.Pew Research Center, "Women and Leadership,", Jan. 14, 2015
202.Rachel Hyde, "Pinterest and the Male Market: How to Make a Move,", Jan. 26, 2016
203.Cooper Smith, "Here's Why Instagram's Demographics Are So Attractive to Brands,", Aug. 17, 2014
204.Douglas MacMillan, "Snapchat CEO: 70% of Users Are Women,", Nov. 20, 2013
205.JD Rucker, "Facebook Has More Female Users but Much More Male Journalists Covering It,", Mar. 8, 2013
206.Jobvite, "The Jobvite Recruiter Nation Survey 2015,", 2015
207.JobVite, "Americans Uncertain About the Future of Work, 2016 Jobvite Job Seeker Nation Shows,", 2016
208.Jobvite, "Job Seeker Nation Study 2015,", 2015
209.LookSharp, "State of College Hiring 2015,", 2015
210.Refuel Agency, "2015 College Explorer,", Jan. 2016
211.Rubina Madan Fillion, "The Five Biggest Social Media Movements of 2014,", Dec. 3, 2014
212.Frank, "Movements That Defined 2015,", Dec. 31, 2015
213.Facebook, "Facebook Reports First Quarter 2016 Results and Announces Proposal for New Class of Stock,", Apr. 27, 2016
214.Ugochi Onwuanibe, "The Global Impact of Social Media,", Sep. 7, 2015
215.Andrew Perrin, "Social Media Usage 2005-2015,", Oct. 8, 2015
216.PlanetHunters, "A New Paper and New Planet Discoveries,", Oct. 30, 2014
217.Pencils of Promise, "Annual Report 2015,", 2015
218.ALS Association, "The ALS Association Expresses Sincere Gratitude to Over Three Million Donors,", Aug. 29, 2014
219.Nora Ganim Barnes, Ava M. Lescault, and Glenn Holmes, "The 2015 Fortune 500 and Social Media: Instagram Gains, Blogs Lose,", 2015
220.TopRank Marketing News, "TopRank Fast Facts: 50+ Useful Consumer Insights & Statistics for Online Marketers,", May 20, 2013
221.Rob Harris, "What Are the Benefits for Customers of Major Companies Using Social Media?," (accessed June 2, 2016)
222.Edmodo, "About Edmodo," (accessed June 2, 2016)
223.Laura Woods, "Here's Justin Bieber's Net Worth on His 22nd Birthday,", Feb. 29, 2016
224.Facebook, "Safety Check," (accessed June 2, 2016)
225.Deepa Seetharaman, "Paris Attacks Push Facebook, Twitter Users to New Tools,", Nov. 14, 2015
226.Jordan Valinsky, "Australians Just Showed the World Exactly How to Respond to Terrorism with #IllRideWithYou,", Dec. 15, 2014
227.Tom Rosenstiel, et al., "Twitter and the News: How People Use the Social Network to Learn About the World,", Sep. 1, 2015
228.Mary Madden, "Public Perceptions of Privacy and Security in the Post-Snowden Era,", Nov. 12, 2014
229.Mary Madden, "Privacy Management on Social Media Sites,", Feb. 24, 2012
230.Facebook, "Government Requests Report," (accessed June 8, 2016)
231.Twitter, "Transparency Report: Information Requests – United States," (accessed June 8, 2016)
232.Glenn Greenwald, "XKeyscore: NSA Tool Collects 'Nearly Everything a User Does on the Internet',", July 31, 2013
233.Insurance Quotes, "Your Social Media Could Affect Your Insurance Rates," (accessed June 8, 2016)
234.Louis-Philippe Beland and Richard Murphy, "Ill Communication: Technology, Distraction & Student Performance,", May 2015
235.Common Sense Media, "The Common Sense Census: Media Use by Tweens and Teens,", 2015
236.Amada Lenhart, "Chapter 5: Conflict, Friendships and Technology,", Aug. 6, 2015
237.Russell B. Clayton, Alexander Nagurney, and Jessica R. Smith, "Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking,", Oct. 2013
238.Russell B. Clayton, "The Third Wheel: The Impact of Twitter Use on Relationship Infidelity and Divorce,", 2014
239.Jason Mander, "Daily Time Spent on Social Networks Rises to 1.72 Hours,", Jan. 26, 2015
240.International Social Games Association, "About Social Games," (accessed June 15, 2016)
241.Kimberlee Morrison, "52% of Recruiters Check Social Media During the Hiring Process [Infographic],", Mar. 24, 2015
242.Richard Sandomir, "Curt Schilling, ESPN Analyst, Is Fired Over Offensive Social Media Post,", Apr. 20, 2016
243.Liu Yi Lin, et al., "Association Between Social Media Use and Depression Among U.S. Young Adults,", Apr. 2016
244.Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Ståle Pallesen, and Mark D. Griffiths, "The Relationship Between Addictive Use of Social Media, Narcissism, and Self-Esteem: Findings from a Large National Survey,", Feb. 2016
245.Office for National Statistics, "Insights into Children's Mental Health and Well-Being,", Oct. 20, 2015
246.Kostadin Kushlev, Jason Proulx, and Elizabeth W. Dunn, "'Silence Your Phones': Smartphone Notifications Increase Inattention and Hyperactivity Symptoms,", 2016
247.University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, "Overusing Social Media as an Adolescent May Hurt Your Love Life Later On,", June 21, 2016
248.Conor Gallagher, "Man Jailed After Having Sex with Girl (15) He Groomed Using Fake Social Media Profile,", Jan. 12, 2016
249.Callum Jones, "Man Jailed for Six Years After He Groomed Girls Online and Offered Money for Sex,", Feb, 23, 2016
250.Ray Surette, "Social Networks Set Off a 'Performance Crime' Spree,", Jan. 30, 2016
251.Ed Smith, "Social Media and Crime,", Aug. 21, 2013
252.SYRIA:Direct, "Islamic State Executes Female Journalist in Raqqa,", Jan. 4, 2016
253.Hawes Spencer, Sheryl Gay Stolberg, and Richard Perez-Pena, "Concerns over Social Media Link to Virginia Girl's Killing,", Feb. 1, 2016
254.Ellen Barry and Maher Sattar, "Bangladesh Activist Is Killed after Criticizing Militants,", Apr. 7, 2016
255.Kenneth Olmstead, Cliff Lampe, and Nicole B. Ellison, "Social Media and the Workplace,", June 22, 2016
256.Society for Human Resource Management, "Does 24-Hour Connectedness Create Feelings of Guilt?,", Apr. 23, 2015
257.Alicia Compton and Catherine O'Flynn, "Employment Snapshot 2016: Social Media in the Workplace,", 2016
258.Cox, "2014 Teen Internet Safety Survey,", 2014
259.Statistic Brain, "Cyberbullying / Bullying Statistics," (accessed July 13, 2016)
260.Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin, "State Cyberbullying Laws,", Jan. 2016, "11 Facts About Sexting," (accessed July 13, 2016)
262.Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin, "State Sexting Laws,", July 2015
263.Ryan J. Reilly, "Domestic Terrorists Organizing Online Are 'Real Threat,' DOJ Warns,", Oct. 14, 2015
264.Jamie Bartlett, Jeremy Reffin, Noelle Rumball, and Sarah Williamson, "Anti-Social Media,", Feb. 2014
265.David Martin Davies, "Dramatic Increase of Improper Student-Teacher Relationships in Texas,", Oct. 3, 2016
266.Kaplan Test Prep, "Kaplan Test Prep Survey: College Admissions Officers Say Social Media Increasingly Affects Applicants' Chances,", Feb. 10, 2017
267.Andrew McGill, "Can Twitter Fit Inside the Library of Congress?,", Aug. 4, 2016
268.American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers (AAML), "Big Surge in Social Networking Evidence Says Survey of Nation's Top Divorce Lawyers,", Feb. 10, 2010
269.Hunt Allcott and Matthew Gentzkow, "Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election,", Jan. 2017
270.Doreen McCallister, "Snapchat Parent's Stock Soars by 50 Percent on First Day of Trading,", Mar. 2, 2017
271.Michael Gove and Kai Diekmann, "Full Transcript of Interview with Donald Trump,", Jan. 16, 2017
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