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Footnotes & Sources


The background and pro and con arguments were written by ProCon.org staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):
Footnotes:
  1. Kristin Marino, "Social Media: The New News Source," schools.com, Apr. 16, 2012

  2. Sabrina Kidwali and Catherine Imperatore, "Social Media as an Advocacy Tool," Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, Sep. 2011

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  4. Trevor Hughes and Carolyn Pesce, "Motive Sought in Deadly Shooting Rampage at Colorado Theater," usatoday.com, July 21, 2012

  5. LexisNexis Risk Solutions, "Role of Social Media in Law Enforcement Significant and Growing," lexisnexis.com, July 18, 2012

  6. Dan Evon, "NYPD Adding Twitter Tracking Unit to Police Force," socialnewsdaily.com (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)

  7. Richard Dalke, "Social Media Case Study: The Stanley Cup Hockey Riots," freshnetworks.com, June 27, 2011

  8. Global Post, "Vancouver Riots: The Shame and the Blame Spread Online," globalpost.com, June 17, 2012

  9. National School Boards Association, "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking," nsba.org, July 2007

  10. Sarah Kessler, "The Case for Social Media in Schools," mashable.com, Sep. 29, 2010

  11. Elizabeth Delmatoff, "How Social Media Transformed Our School Community," oregoned.org, Apr. 2010

  12. Brian Solis, "People Use Social Networks to Connect with Friends and Family, Sometimes Brands," briansolis.com, Sep. 13, 2011

  13. Megan Sponcil and Priscilla Gitimu, "Use of Social Media by College Students: Relationship to Communication and Self-concept," Journal of Technology Research, 2012

  14. Common Sense Media, "Social Media, Social Life: How Teens View Their Digital Lives," commonsensemedia.org, 2012

  15. Bianca Bosker, "Fortune 500 List Boasts More Female CEOs Than Ever Before," huffingtonpost.com, May 7, 2012

  16. Huffington Post, "Social Media by Gender: Women Dominate Pinterest, Twitter, Men Dominate Reddit, YouTube (Infographic)," huffingtonpost.com, June 21, 2012

  17. Laura Said-Moorhouse and Stina Backer, "Why Women in Business Are Flocking to Twitter Chat," cnn.com, Sep. 27, 2012

  18. One.org, "Helping African Women Business Leaders Connect with Social Media," one.org (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)

  19. Jobvite, "The Essential Guide to Developing a Social Recruiting Strategy," jobvite.com, Mar. 3, 2012

  20. HR Focus, "Certain Tools Are Helping HR Connect Swiftly with the Right Job Candidates," ivyexec.com, Sep. 1, 2012

  21. Jobvite, "2012 Social Job Seeker Survey," jobvite.com, 2012

  22. Sharon Jayson, "'Flocking' Behavior Lands on Social Networking Sites," USA TODAY, Sep. 27, 2009

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  25. Robert M. Bond, Christopher J. Farris, Jason J. Jones, Adam D. I. Kramer, Cameron Marlow, Jaime E. Settle, and James H. Fowler, "A 61-million-person Experiment in Social Influence and Political Mobilization," Nature, Sep. 13, 2012

  26. Keith Hampton, Lauren Sessions Goulet, Lee Rainie, and Kristen Purcell, "Social Networking Sites and Our Lives," pewinternet.org, June 16, 2011

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  36. Rheana Murray, "Families Find Photos Lost During Sandy," nydailynews.com, Nov. 27, 2012

  37. Peter Jordan, "We Are All Daniel Cui," facebookstories.com, Oct. 1, 2012

  38. Sarah Medina, "Daniel Cui, High School Goalie, Gets Support of Peers After Mean Prank (Video)," huffingtonpost.com, Oct. 3, 2012

  39. University of Alabama at Birmingham, "Move Over Youngsters, Grandma’s on Facebook," newswise.com, Oct. 27, 2011

  40. Aylin Zafar, "Facebook for Centenarians: Senior Citizens Learn Social Media," theatlantic.com, Aug. 31, 2011

  41. Kathryn Zickuhr, "Generations 2010," pewinternet.org, Dec. 16, 2010

  42. Anxiety UK, "Anxiety UK Study Finds Technology Can Increase Anxiety," anxietyuk.org.uk, July 9, 2012

  43. Mary Wilks, "Online Social Networking’s Effect on Adolescent Social Development," eckerd.edu (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)

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  66. Mark Blankenship, "How Social Media Can and Should Impact Higher Education," Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, Mar. 2011

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  70. Greg Rollett, "How Musicians Are Using Social Media to Connect with Fans," mashable.com, Mar. 12, 2010

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  72. Ben Sisario, "The New Rise of a Summer Hit: Tweet It Maybe" nytimes.com, Aug. 21, 2012

  73. Desiree Adib, "Pop Star Justin Bieber Is on the Brink of Superstardom," abcnews.go.com, Nov. 14, 2009

  74. Zack O’Malley Greenburg, "Justin Bieber, Venture Capitalist," Forbes Asia Magazine, June 4, 2012

  75. National Endowment for the Arts, "NEA Chairman Rocco Landesman Announces New Report on How Americans Use Electronic Media to Participate in the Arts," nea.gov, June 25, 2010

  76. Kaplan Test Prep, "Kaplan Test Prep Survey: Percentage of College Admissions Officers Who Visit Applicants' Social Networking Pages Continues to Grow — But Most Students Shrug," press.kaptest.com, Nov. 20, 2014

  77. Dana Flavelle, "Worries Follow Rise of Facebook," thestar.com, May 4, 2007

  78. Tabitha Whissemore, "Students Connect Through Social Media Project," communitycollegetimes.com, Nov. 28, 2011

  79. Olga R. Rodriguez, "Mexico Tweets Cause Massive Shootout Panic," huffingtonpost.com, Sep. 8, 2012

  80. Sam Laird, "Twitter Troll Who Posted Fake Sandy News Apologizes to Internet," mashable.com, Oct. 30, 2012

  81. ConsumerReports.org, "Facebook & Your Privacy: Who Sees the Data You Share on the Biggest Social Network," Consumer Reports, June 2012

  82. Declan McCullagh, "Feds Snoop on Social-network Accounts Without Warrants," news.cnet.com, Sep. 27, 2012

  83. Sheryl Nance-Nash, "What Insurers Could Do with Your 'Social Media Score,'" dailyfinance.com, Dec. 12, 2011

  84. Paul A. Kirschner and Aryn C. Karpinski, "Facebook and Academic Performance," Computers in Human Behavior, Nov. 2010

  85. Jimmy Daly, "How Is Facebook Affecting College Students' Grades [Infographic]," edtechmagazine.com, July 2, 2012

  86. Leslie Lanir, "Digital Information Overwhelms and Distracts Students," decodedscience.com, Nov. 4, 2012

  87. David Gutierrez, "Facebook Is Making You Miserable, Scientists Find," naturalnews.com, Nov. 29, 2012

  88. Lee Rainie, Amanda Lenhart, and Aaron Smith, "The Tone of Life on Social Networking Sites," pewinternet.org, Feb. 9, 2012

  89. Victoria J. Rideout, Ulla G. Foehr, and Donald F. Roberts, "Generation M2L Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds," kff.org, Jan. 2010

  90. Mark Dolliver, "Social Networking: A Waste of Time?," adweek.com, Oct. 7, 2010

  91. Urs Gasser and John Palfrey, "Mastering Multitasking," Educational Leadership, Mar. 2009

  92. David P. Willis, "Social Media Games Have Become Big Business," usatoday.com, Feb. 24, 2012

  93. Chris Cuomo, "Rep. Anthony Weiner: 'The Picture Was of Me and I Sent It,'" abcnews.go.com, June 6, 2011

  94. Raquel Recuero, "Social Media Discourse: Violence, Olympiads and Our Everyday Life," dmlcentral.net, Aug. 23, 2012

  95. K. Wolfling, M. E. Beutel, and K. W. Muller, "Construction of a Standardized Clinical Interview to Assess Internet Addiction: First Findings Regarding the Usefulness of AICA-C," Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy, 2012

  96. Tony Dokoupil, "Is the Onslaught Making Us Crazy?," Newsweek, July 16, 2012

  97. David Derbyshire, "Social Websites Harm Children's Brains: Chilling Warning to Parents from Top Neuroscientist," Daily Mail, Feb. 24, 2009

  98. USC Annenberg School Center for the Digital Future, "Special Report: America at the Digital Turning Point," annenberg.usc.edu, Jan, 2012

  99. Joann Pan, "Tweets at the Tables? More of Us Mix Social Media and Food," mashable.com, Feb. 29, 2012

  100. Barb Dybwad, "10% of Under 25s Think It’s OK to Text During Sex," mashable.com, May 5, 2010

  101. Matt McKinney, "Gangs Sometimes Fire First Shots Online," startribune.com, July 14, 2012

  102. Javelin Strategy & Research, "2012 Identity Fraud Industry Report: Social Media and Mobile Forming the New Fraud Frontier," javelinstrategy.com, 2012

  103. Alexandra Topping, "Social Networking Sites Fuelling Stalking, Report Warns," guardian.co.uk, Feb. 1, 2012

  104. US Army, "Social Media Roundup: Dangers of Location-Based Social Networking and Geotagging," slideshare.net, Feb. 22, 2012

  105. Daniel Hernandez, "Mexico: Decapitated Woman Mourned by Social Media Website," latimes.com, Sep. 25, 2011

  106. ValleyCentral.com, "Fourth Social Media Murder Reported in Nuevo Laredo," valleycentral.com, Nov. 10, 2011

  107. Nucleus Research, "Facebook: Measuring the Cost to Business of Social Networking," nucleusresearch.com, July 2009

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  115. Stephen Marche, "Is Facebook Making Us Lonely?," Atlantic Monthly, May 2012

  116. National Research Corporation, "1 in 5 Americans Use Social Media for Health Care Information," hcmg.nationalresearch.com, Feb. 28, 2011

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