Footnotes & Sources

The background and pro and con arguments were written by staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):
  1. Kristin Marino, "Social Media: The New News Source,", Apr. 16, 2012

  2. Sabrina Kidwali and Catherine Imperatore, "Social Media as an Advocacy Tool," Techniques: Connecting Education & Careers, Sep. 2011

  3. John D. Sutter, "Theater Shooting Unfolds in Real Time on Social Media,", July 20, 2012

  4. Trevor Hughes and Carolyn Pesce, "Motive Sought in Deadly Shooting Rampage at Colorado Theater,", July 21, 2012

  5. LexisNexis Risk Solutions, "Role of Social Media in Law Enforcement Significant and Growing,", July 18, 2012

  6. Dan Evon, "NYPD Adding Twitter Tracking Unit to Police Force," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)

  7. Richard Dalke, "Social Media Case Study: The Stanley Cup Hockey Riots,", June 27, 2011

  8. Global Post, "Vancouver Riots: The Shame and the Blame Spread Online,", June 17, 2012

  9. National School Boards Association, "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking,", July 2007

  10. Sarah Kessler, "The Case for Social Media in Schools,", Sep. 29, 2010

  11. Elizabeth Delmatoff, "How Social Media Transformed Our School Community,", Apr. 2010

  12. Brian Solis, "People Use Social Networks to Connect with Friends and Family, Sometimes Brands,", Sep. 13, 2011

  13. Megan Sponcil and Priscilla Gitimu, "Use of Social Media by College Students: Relationship to Communication and Self-concept," Journal of Technology Research, 2012

  14. Common Sense Media, "Social Media, Social Life: How Teens View Their Digital Lives,", 2012

  15. Bianca Bosker, "Fortune 500 List Boasts More Female CEOs Than Ever Before,", May 7, 2012

  16. Huffington Post, "Social Media by Gender: Women Dominate Pinterest, Twitter, Men Dominate Reddit, YouTube (Infographic),", June 21, 2012

  17. Laura Said-Moorhouse and Stina Backer, "Why Women in Business Are Flocking to Twitter Chat,", Sep. 27, 2012

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  22. Sharon Jayson, "'Flocking' Behavior Lands on Social Networking Sites," USA TODAY, Sep. 27, 2009

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  24. Annalisa Rodriguez, "Social Media Doesn't Mean Social Isolation,", Oct. 16, 2012

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  26. Keith Hampton, Lauren Sessions Goulet, Lee Rainie, and Kristen Purcell, "Social Networking Sites and Our Lives,", June 16, 2011

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  29. Stuart Schaar, "Revolutionary Challenges in Tunisia and Egypt: Generations in Conflict," New Politics, Summer 2011

  30. Todd Wasserman, "The Architect of #OccupyWallStreet Praises the Power of 'Magical Hashtags,'", Oct. 27, 2011

  31. Andy Nathan, "How Social Media Saved the Economy,", June 14, 2011

  32. Quentin Hardy, "McKinsey Says Social Media Could Add $1.3 Million to the Economy,", July 25, 2012

  33. Chris Crum, "Facebook Now Has 1.01 Billion Active Users, Brought in $1.26 Billion in Q3 Revenue,", Oct. 24, 2012

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  37. Peter Jordan, "We Are All Daniel Cui,", Oct. 1, 2012

  38. Sarah Medina, "Daniel Cui, High School Goalie, Gets Support of Peers After Mean Prank (Video),", Oct. 3, 2012

  39. University of Alabama at Birmingham, "Move Over Youngsters, Grandma’s on Facebook,", Oct. 27, 2011

  40. Aylin Zafar, "Facebook for Centenarians: Senior Citizens Learn Social Media,", Aug. 31, 2011

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  43. Mary Wilks, "Online Social Networking’s Effect on Adolescent Social Development," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)

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  47. World Health Organization, "Mixed Uptake of Social Media Among Public Health Specialists,", Nov. 2011

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  60. Intuit Websites, "How Small Businesses Are Using Social Media," (accessed Dec. 5, 2012)

  61. Tim Mullaney, "Social Media Is Reinventing How Business Is Done,", May 6, 2012

  62. Harry Rollason, "Why Social Media Makes Customer Service Better,", Sep. 29, 2012

  63. Meris Stansbury, "Ten Ways Schools Are Using Social Media Effectively,", Oct. 21, 2011

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  65. National School Boards Association, "Creating and Connecting: Research and Guidelines on Online Social - and Educational - Networking,", July 2007

  66. Mark Blankenship, "How Social Media Can and Should Impact Higher Education," Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, Mar. 2011

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  69. Edmodo, "About Edmodo," (accessed Mar. 24, 2015)

  70. Greg Rollett, "How Musicians Are Using Social Media to Connect with Fans,", Mar. 12, 2010

  71. Ben Sisario, "Digital Notes: 50,000 Are Owed Royalties, Agency Says,", Aug. 15, 2012

  72. Ben Sisario, "The New Rise of a Summer Hit: Tweet It Maybe", Aug. 21, 2012

  73. Desiree Adib, "Pop Star Justin Bieber Is on the Brink of Superstardom,", Nov. 14, 2009

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  75. National Endowment for the Arts, "NEA Chairman Rocco Landesman Announces New Report on How Americans Use Electronic Media to Participate in the Arts,", June 25, 2010

  76. Kaplan Test Prep, "Kaplan Test Prep Survey: Percentage of College Admissions Officers Who Visit Applicants' Social Networking Pages Continues to Grow — But Most Students Shrug,", Nov. 20, 2014

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  78. Tabitha Whissemore, "Students Connect Through Social Media Project,", Nov. 28, 2011

  79. Olga R. Rodriguez, "Mexico Tweets Cause Massive Shootout Panic,", Sep. 8, 2012

  80. Sam Laird, "Twitter Troll Who Posted Fake Sandy News Apologizes to Internet,", Oct. 30, 2012

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  82. Declan McCullagh, "Feds Snoop on Social-network Accounts Without Warrants,", Sep. 27, 2012

  83. Sheryl Nance-Nash, "What Insurers Could Do with Your 'Social Media Score,'", Dec. 12, 2011

  84. Paul A. Kirschner and Aryn C. Karpinski, "Facebook and Academic Performance," Computers in Human Behavior, Nov. 2010

  85. Jimmy Daly, "How Is Facebook Affecting College Students' Grades [Infographic],", July 2, 2012

  86. Leslie Lanir, "Digital Information Overwhelms and Distracts Students,", Nov. 4, 2012

  87. David Gutierrez, "Facebook Is Making You Miserable, Scientists Find,", Nov. 29, 2012

  88. Lee Rainie, Amanda Lenhart, and Aaron Smith, "The Tone of Life on Social Networking Sites,", Feb. 9, 2012

  89. Victoria J. Rideout, Ulla G. Foehr, and Donald F. Roberts, "Generation M2L Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds,", Jan. 2010

  90. Mark Dolliver, "Social Networking: A Waste of Time?,", Oct. 7, 2010

  91. Urs Gasser and John Palfrey, "Mastering Multitasking," Educational Leadership, Mar. 2009

  92. David P. Willis, "Social Media Games Have Become Big Business,", Feb. 24, 2012

  93. Chris Cuomo, "Rep. Anthony Weiner: 'The Picture Was of Me and I Sent It,'", June 6, 2011

  94. Raquel Recuero, "Social Media Discourse: Violence, Olympiads and Our Everyday Life,", Aug. 23, 2012

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  96. Tony Dokoupil, "Is the Onslaught Making Us Crazy?," Newsweek, July 16, 2012

  97. David Derbyshire, "Social Websites Harm Children's Brains: Chilling Warning to Parents from Top Neuroscientist," Daily Mail, Feb. 24, 2009

  98. USC Annenberg School Center for the Digital Future, "Special Report: America at the Digital Turning Point,", Jan, 2012

  99. Joann Pan, "Tweets at the Tables? More of Us Mix Social Media and Food,", Feb. 29, 2012

  100. Barb Dybwad, "10% of Under 25s Think It’s OK to Text During Sex,", May 5, 2010

  101. Matt McKinney, "Gangs Sometimes Fire First Shots Online,", July 14, 2012

  102. Javelin Strategy & Research, "2012 Identity Fraud Industry Report: Social Media and Mobile Forming the New Fraud Frontier,", 2012

  103. Alexandra Topping, "Social Networking Sites Fuelling Stalking, Report Warns,", Feb. 1, 2012

  104. US Army, "Social Media Roundup: Dangers of Location-Based Social Networking and Geotagging,", Feb. 22, 2012

  105. Daniel Hernandez, "Mexico: Decapitated Woman Mourned by Social Media Website,", Sep. 25, 2011

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  108. GFI Software, "Social Networking at Work: Thanks, but No Thanks?,", June 3, 2011

  109. David Schepp, "Employees Admit Social Media Is a Waste of Their Time [Infographic],", June 13, 2012

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  114. Ben Weitsenkorn, "Private Porn Pics Aren’t Private for Long,", Oct. 2012

  115. Stephen Marche, "Is Facebook Making Us Lonely?," Atlantic Monthly, May 2012

  116. National Research Corporation, "1 in 5 Americans Use Social Media for Health Care Information,", Feb. 28, 2011

  117. Megan Garber, "Health Blogger Could be Jailed for Giving Health Advice While Unlicensed,", Apr. 24, 2012

  118. Jeffrey Benabio, "Why Twitter Is Bad for Your Health,", Apr. 6, 2010

  119. Mia Moody, "New Media-Same Stereotypes: An Analysis of Social Media Depictions of President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama," The Journal of New Media & Culture, Summer 2012

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  121. Heidi Beirich and Laurie Wood, "Robert Killian’s Years of Posing as a Neo-Nazi Biker Cost Him Dearly,", Fall 2012

  122. Ryan Owens and Chris Murphey, "Growing Number of ‘Project X’ Party Copycats Lead to Arrests Nationwide,", Mar. 17, 2012

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  124. CBS Local, "USC Study Examines Whether Social Networking Exacerbates Risky Behavior Among Teens,", Apr. 2, 2012

  125. Howard Blume, "Students’ Online Photos of California Tests Delay Release of Scores,", July 18, 2012

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  129. Lindsey Stiner, "Is Social Media to Blame for Inappropriate Student-Teacher Relationships?,", Oct. 16, 2012

  130. Abbie Alford, "Social Media Fueling Teacher & Student Sexual Relationships,", May 24, 2012

  131. I am Baker, "The Ugly Truth about Instagram,", June 26, 2012

  132. Angela West, "What You Should Know about Pinterest and Copyright,", Feb. 26, 2012

  133. Nancy Messieh, "How Not to Run an Instagram Account: Vogue Spain Caught Stealing from Well-Known Street Photographer,", Apr. 22, 2012

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  135. Janet Kornblum and Mary Beth Marklein, "What You Say Online Could Haunt You,", Mar. 8, 2006

  136. Matt Raymond, "How Tweet It Is!: Library Acquires Entire Twitter Archive,", Apr. 14, 2010

  137. Shendl Tuchman, "Divorce and Social Networking Sites,", Aug. 27, 2012

  138. Rob Waugh, "Beware the New Computer Virus Spreading Via Chat Messaging Window on Facebook,", May 21, 2012

  139. Kyle Christie, "Going Viral: Using Social Media to Publicise Academic Research,", Apr. 11, 2011

  140. Emily Johns, "Dangers Faced by Journalists Extend to Social Media Users,", Fall 2011

  141. Martha Payne, "Martha Payne: Diary of a Girl Who Fed the Starving,", Oct. 4, 2012

  142. Aaron Smith, Laurie Segall, and Stacy Cowley, "Facebook Reaches One Billion Users,", Oct. 4, 2012

  143. Ashlee Vance, "Facebook: The Making of 1 Billion Users,", Oct. 4, 2012

  144. Semiocast, "Brazil Becomes 2nd Country on Twitter, Japan 3rd Netherlands Most Active Country,", Jan. 1, 2012

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  158. Barack Obama, "Four More Years,", Nov. 6, 2012

  159. Shea Bennett, "Revealed: Twitter’s 10 Most Retweeted Tweets of All Time,", Sep. 27, 2012

  160. Tim Lister, "Tunisian Protests Fueled by Social Media Networks,", Jan. 12, 2011

  161. Garry Blight, Sheila Pulham, and Paul Torpey, "Arab Spring: An Interactive Timeline of Middle East Protests,", Jan. 5, 2012

  162. ENTRTNMNT, "Hillary Clinton Supports Twitter Use in Iran,", June 18, 2009

  163. Michael Falcone, "In Iraq: To Twitter or Not to Twitter?,", Feb. 9, 2009

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  188. Merrill Hope, "41% Increase in Texas Teacher-Student Sexual Misconduct Cases,", Mar. 19, 2015

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  195. Sam Thielman, "Twitter Breaks News of the Boston Marathon Explosions: Injuries Reported, Photos Disseminated, Google Launches Person Finder,", Apr. 15, 2013

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